Generally, objects that fall from a higher distance have a greater impact force and a bigger splatter size then objects that fall from only a few feet. This is because of gravity and momentum.
Have you ever dropped an egg from only a few cm from the ground and then dropped the egg from a few feet? Well, if you have, you probably noticed that the egg that was dropped from only a few cm away from the ground didn’t break much if at all, and the egg that was dropped from a few feet away probably shattered and made a big mess. This is because the egg that was dropped from only a few cm didn’t have time to speed up and gain enough momentum to break where as the egg that was dropped from a few feet had enough time to speed up and enough momentum to make it so when it hit the ground it would shatter.
However, objects with enough mass probably won’t break and/or shatter; they will probably just make a big crater. But a bowling ball, as heavy as it may be, dropped from only a few feet will most likely not make a very big crater. And of course, a ball that is dropped from a few feet will have a much bigger splatter size then the ball that was dropped from only a few cm.
The same can be said about the depth the ball will make. The higher an object us dropped from, its depth will be deeper, and the lower the object is dropped from, its depth will be shallower.